Music is an element that people cannot give up since ancient times. There are many types of music and this instrument. The geography and values of the society have a high influence based on the emergence of music genres. The emerging music genre necessarily contains traces of the culture in which it emerged. A melody or a timbre we hear creates something in our minds. As musical genres emerged, the need for instruments that would enable them to perform these music genres increased as well. By evaluating the possibilities of the time, musical instruments began to be produced from both animal skins and trees.
As time went on and technology developed, the musical instrument was improved and made a little more equipped. There is a society to which every musical instrument we get our hands on belongs or that paves the way for its emergence. Oud; It is possible to see oud in many nations, but there can be differences in both appearance and sound between an Egyptian oud and other ouds.
What Is Egyptian Oud?
It is a large-bellied, short, curved neck, and the stringed musical instrument played with a plectrum. The exact date of the emergence of the oud is not known, but it is known that the first instrument similar to the oud appeared in and around Egypt. The curved back part consists of 19 or 21 boards in the form of a circle. The body is not complete. While there is a large cavity in the middle of the anterior part called the chest, there are two small hollows called "rose" on the sides.
The oud has six double strings, and a plectrum is used for playing. Today, there are more options, the thinner three pairs of wires are made of a fishing line, and the other three pairs are made of steel. Plastic material is used in making plectrums. The holes called one large, and two small cages on the front are known as the sound cage. Here we hear the voices. The oud is played over the left key, and the sound is adjusted by the 5-chord system.
Types Of Oud
There are many types of oud today. The shape, sound, and tuning settings differ according to the region in which they occur. The most known and still used oud types are:
- Syrian Oud
- Iraq Oud
- Egyptian Oud
- Turkish or Greek Style Oud
- Barbat or Persian Oud
Difference Between Egyptian Oud And The Others
Every country has a type of oud, but the only difference is the sound, appearance, and material used in its construction. For example, when we consider ouds as a sound, the Egyptian oud is known as the most romantic oud because it has a warm, heavy, and deep timbre. Egyptian oud is more extensive than other ouds. The front part of the Egyptian oud is made of spruce wood. When the Egyptian oud sound is associated with the Syrian oud sound, the Syrian oud sound has a more difficult tone. Egyptian oud has a pear-like appearance compared to other oud types and is more ornate than different types. Another reason why the ouds differ from each other is the length of the string.
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