String Instruments List with Pictures
Instruments that produce sound through vibrating strings are called string instruments or in other words, stringed instruments. Stringed instruments are the instruments that make a sound due to the vibrations caused by applying strings to the strings or by striking them. The loudness of this sound is determined by the resonance created by the vibrating body cavity as a result of these wires vibrating no matter the way.
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Short History of String Instruments"String” is the key feature for these instruments as you can understand from name of it. Movements of the strings on the instruments by using fingers or any kind of auxiliary tool creates vibration and the voice. Then, systematic and harmonious hits make up the notes. This is how string instruments are basically working. Whereas it is easy to understanding of their working, their history is much more that.
A Lyre in Ur from the Ancient Mesopotamia in 2500 to 3000 BC, what we have as concrete evidence and source to explain history of string instruments. On the other hand, it is not clear when and where the first string instrument was created. Since music and musical instruments are evolving from culture to culture and every culture has some addition to the music world, it is understandible that we can not attribute string instruments to any nation or region. However, we can see the changing and affection from region to region and it brings string instruments nowadays.
We can see ravantstron from the Indian folk instruments and Rebab from the Eastern Asia as string instruments as evolved versions of Lyre from the Ur. When we look the west, we see the Lyra in Byzantina and then it has been contining to evolve. 1600 CE is called the Baroque period and it generated “lira da braccios” which is ancester of modern violin.
What are the features of string instruments?
Stringed instruments are the most basic instruments in the music world. The strings on it can make beautiful sounds if the right touches are made. These stringed instruments found their place in the first part of the Western music orchestra. In general, wires made from the intestine or metal vibrate by either being plucked, by a spring or by pulling with fingers.
Stringed instruments are a type of instrument with many models. Different trees are used in the construction of each of these models, but as always seen, nature is used. Naturally, we can see that string instrument list vary according to many different cultural structures. For example, while violin and many violin models are the building blocks of a certain culture, the excess of the instruments in our country is always remarkable. Therefore, the instruments named with the same name may differ for the cultural infrastructure of the geography in which they are located.
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Stringed instruments can be produced entirely by hand or fabricated. Wired instruments are in a state that requires much more care and attention, and fabricated products are more guaranteed. However, it should not be overlooked that a handmade string instrument has much higher quality than a fabricated string instrument.
What are the list of string instruments?
- Saz (family)
- Guitar (family)
- Chapman Stick
- Double Bass
- Classical Kemancha
Families of String Instruments
Stringed instruments are a group of instruments with a wide range of diversity. As mentioned above, we can examine this string instrument list range, which differs according to many cultures and geographies, under 3 main groups:
The first one is THESIS INSTRUMENTS. This instrument group sounds by pulling and releasing the wires with the help of tools such as pena or plectrum. In order to provide this vibration, only the use of fingers can be sufficient without the need for any auxiliary tools. As an example of this type of string instrument list; guitar, electric guitar, oud, mandolin, harp, tar, qanun can be shown.
There are many sub-breakdowns in this group as well. For example, there are electric guitar, classical guitar and bass guitar types under the guitar title. This makes up the family of guitars. The same is also true for bağlama saz. There are many types of baglama that are found in many areas in our culture. Varieties such as short stem baglama, long stem baglama, saz types and electro baglama form the baglama saz family.
Another string instrument type is shown as SPRING WIRE INSTRUMENTS. In contrast to instruments with thesis, this type of instrument sounds with the help of strings and a bow. Bow hair rubs against the strings of the instrument, pulling the strings, resulting in sound. The most common stringed instruments can be shown as violin and fiddle.
Again, there are sub-refractions. There are many kinds of stringed string instruments under the name of violin. The violin is the smallest member of this family. Other members of this family are known as viola, violin and cello. The group formed by these stringed instruments came together and was called the violin family.
The third and last string instrument type is the PERCUSSION STRINGED INSTRUMENTS. In this type of string instrument, a hammer is hit on the strings, and as a result of this interaction, vibration and therefore sound occurs. The best-known example that can be given to the instruments in this group can be shown as piano.
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Some Tips to Choose a String Instrument
It is important to choose instrument what you love but exploring that is not always easy. Sometimes it can be an adventure some of musicians from one instruments to another and sometimes, players can be affected from outside. Let’s look at some out advices:
- Making a short research about string instruments can give you idea. Especially if you listen them, you can be familiar with the voices.
- Features of instruments and your skills can guide you to apart instruments to choose easily.
- Choosing a right place to buy your string instrument is also important detail. When you find your instrument market, it makes your music adventure comfortable. Sala Music one of the sites to help you to get satisfying instrument.