What Is Kamancheh?



What Are The Types of Kemancha?

Kamancheh, the kemancha with another name, usually Azerbaijan, Iran, is a string fretless stringed instrument used in Uzbekistan and Turkey's Eastern Anatolia Region.


So, what are the features of Kamancheh? Where does Kamancheh's history go on? What are the varieties of Kamancheh? What are the differences between Kabak Kamancheh and Classic Kemancha? Is Kamancheh a difficult instrument to play?


Let's examine all these questions and their answers together!


What are the Features of Kamancheh?

Kamancheh's bowl is spherical and the arm is fretless. His face is pulled from the veil of bovine liver, the skin of fish or camels. This musical instrument, which used to be 3-stringed, in other words, has now become 4-stringed.


Kamancheh, one of the oldest musical instruments in Azerbaijan, is 70 cm tall. It has a chord system determined in accordance with the type of melodies and the authority read. The most commonly used chord in all this chord system is the 5-4-5 system. While the stem of Kamancheh is made of plum wood, its body is formed by carving the walnut wood. The walnut tree must be kept for a while in order to form its trunk.


Its total weight is about 1-1.5. Springs are custom made. It is drawn only by hand, not with any apparatus such as a violin bow, and there are quite a lot of them. The springs are made of juniper wood, while the strands are made of horse hair. Holes are drilled in the front and back of the body and the front is covered with fish skin. The bows are wrapped around the bowl-shaped body and Kamancheh is completed. Even if Kamancheh has several varieties, its construction and features are generally similar.


Where Does Kamancheh's History Rise?

Kamancheh's oldest known history dates back to Safavid and Qatar periods. It was one of the musical instruments frequently used in celebrations at that time. In addition, Kamancheh can be seen in the works illustrated in the Mongol and Timur periods. According to rumors, it is one of the first stringed musical instruments. According to rumors, Kamancheh emerged as follows; "While the bird of prey (eagle, hawk, stork, etc.) catches the animal that it hunts and flies, the intestines of the animal hang on the branches of the trees. By making use of it, they prepared instruments such as hook-type and arfa. Then, plucked and wedged (stringed) stringed musical instruments emerged. "

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Although the starting point dates back to Central Asia, the development of Kamancheh took place in Azerbaijan in the 19th century. The Turks first met Kamancheh in the Ottoman period. Kamancheh later spread from Central Asia to Europe and Africa.


What are the types of Kamancheh?


Although Kamancheh is mentioned in many different ways in many different countries, it is divided into certain groups in terms of basic features and the sound curtains they make.

  • 4/4 Classic Kamancheh

  • Alto Kamancheh

  • Bass Kamancheh

  • Double Bass Kamancheh is generally divided into 4 varieties.

What are the differences between Kabak Kamancheh and Classic Kemancha?


Although the Kabak Kamancheh, which belongs to the same family, and the classic Kamancheh are known to be the same, these two musical instruments have many differences. The most important difference of the pumpkin violin and the classic Kemancha is its weight. The Classic Kemancha goes up to 1.5 kg, while the Kabak Kamancheh weighs about 400-500 grams. While 4/2 bows must be used in the pumpkin violin, 4/1 bows must be used to play the classic Kemancha. While the pumpkin is divided into three parts as violin, handle, body and leather, the classic Kemancha is divided into four basic parts as body, handle, auger and strings. While the pumpkin is produced with violin gourd, the classic Kemancha is made with walnut and plum trees. In fact, these two stringed instruments are completely different from each other. Even though they belong to the same family, their biggest similarity is that they can be stolen by putting the knee against the bow. Sound curtains and colors are actually completely independent from each other. The classical Kemancha's pitch is much harder and more striking than the Kabak Kamancheh.

Is Kamancheh a Hard Instrument to Play?

Kamancheh is an instrument that is very close to the human voice. The fact that it is fretless allows many different tones to emerge during the play. Although this feature provides great convenience for people performing Kamancheh at an advanced level, it can be challenging at the beginning stage. Kamancheh is an industry that requires regular and demanding practice.  People who study conservatories in Azerbaijan and focus on Kamancheh undergo a difficult education.

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  • Posted on by Şenol

    Thank you so much :)

  • Posted on by Alper

    Thanks for these useful informations!

  • Posted on by Serpil

    Thank you for this content about Kamancheh..

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