Duduk, a wooden wind instrument made of apricot wood. From Armenia and Azerbaijan, which are variations of this instrument, Georgia, Russia, Turkey, and the Caucasus, and the Middle East is seen in other regions, including Iran. Its instruments and music were declared by UNESCO as a Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity in 2005. Duduk is made from hornbeam, walnut, plum, apricot, and similar hardwoods.
Duduks sound is dull and light, it is played mostly indoors and in-room meetings because of its weak voice.
Features of Duduk
The duduk is a double-reed instrument with a tradition of ancient origin, existing since at least the 5th century, although there are Armenian scholars who believe it existed more than 1500 years ago. The earliest instruments, similar to the current form of the duduk, were made of bone or entirely of reed. Today, the duduk is made of aged apricot wood with a large double-reed wood in its trunk.
The custom setting is highly dependent on the region in which it is played. In the 20th century, the diatonic in the Armenian duduk scale and the single octave in the interval began to be standardized. Incidental, or chromatic, is achieved using finger techniques. The body of the instrument has different lengths depending on the range and region of the instrument. The reed is made from one or two pieces of reed in a duckbill type assembly. Unlike other double-reed instruments, the reed is quite large, helping to give the duduk both its unique, melancholy sound and its extraordinary need for breathing. Duduk player is called dudukahar in Armenian.
The performer uses the air stored in their cheeks to continue playing the instrument while drawing air into their lungs. This "circular" breathing technique is commonly used on all double-reed instruments in the Middle East.
The most important feature of the duduk musical instrument is its ability to express the linguistic dialect and mood of the Armenian language, which is often the most challenging qualification for a duduk player. At this point, the actor's propensity for language becomes more prominent.